As China offers a model for developing countries to follow, India must position itself suitably
M. K. Narayanan
March 02, 2018 00:15 IST
Each succeeding week brings fresh evidence of how anarchic the international global order has become. Quite a few nations, including many of the newer ones, are seeking a new salience in the affairs of their region, aiming to establish their dominance. This is one cause for many of today?s turmoils.
The unfortunate aspect is that while there is greater clarity on the new challenges that nations face, the international system is unable to come up with sustainable solutions to deal with these multiple challenges. For instance, currently the U.S. is seen to be incapable of playing a balancing role in Asian affairs, and to have ceded ground to China. China appears unrivalled in Asia at present given its military might and economic power. The only opposition to China today comes from India.
India and China both adhere to a rules-based international order, but a wide gap separates their perceptions of what constitutes the international order. This has more than ordinary significance today even as global powers are beginning to shift their stance, and a ?balance of power? approach is no longer the norm. For Asia, this is proving to be a destabilising development, affecting peace in the region as the U.S. is no longer willing to take on responsibilities for peace.
Indian military scrambles to keep up after China moves to put forces in Africa
China and India are competing for regional supremacy in the Indian Ocean as they look establish a stronger military and economic presence in bordering countries.
In response to Beijing's overseas military base in Djibouti, New Delhi has sought to access facilities in the Seychelles, Oman and Singapore.
Commercial projects by Indian and Chinese firms may be deployed for defense use, experts warned.
Nyshka Chandran | @nyshkac
Competition between historical rivals China and India is spreading across the ocean.
From Tanzania to Sri Lanka, the two Asian heavyweights are trying to establish a stronger military and economic presence in countries along the Indian Ocean in a quest for regional supremacy.
China, the world's second biggest economy, is looking to build what some policy experts call a "string of pearls" ? a network of defense and commercial facilities ? around the massive area. Beijing in 2016 revealed plans to launch its first overseas military base in Djibouti. Numerous business projects by state-owned Chinese enterprises under President Xi Jinping's massive Belt and Road program, which includes a port in Tanzania, have reinforced its efforts.
New Delhi, unsettled by the thought of Beijing dominating its own backyard, is responding in kind.
[China confrontation] [Counterbalance]
China and India: Comparisons of Soft Power
January 29, 2018
2018: Vol. 17, No. 1
Review of Parama Sinha Palit, Analyzing China?s Soft Power Strategy and Comparative Indian Initiatives, Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, SAGE, 2017.
Because India is situated at the very geographic center of the South Asia-Indian Ocean region, Indian civilizational influences have washed repeatedly over that vast region. Indian patriots are keenly aware of this history, and it is easy to assume that Indian influence in the region is somehow natural or inevitable. That may indeed be the case, but the breadth and vigor of China?s efforts to make itself and its policies attractive to the publics and governments of the region suggests that Indian soft power faces a new and very strong competitor.
Dr. Parama Sonha Palit?s book, Analyzing China?s Soft Power Strategy and Comparative Indian Initiatives, offers an interesting and solid study of an important but under-researched aspect of China?s rise in Asia: the scope and character of China?s exercise of soft power. After extracting from the secondary literature a working definition of soft power (the attractiveness of a country) and exploring the evolution of Chinese scholarly thinking about soft power with Chinese characteristics, Palit examines China?s pursuit of soft power in several geographic regions, starting with South Asia. The overarching purpose of China?s soft power activities in the region, Palit concludes, is to establish the image of China as a benign power. Palit turns to a survey of the various mechanisms China uses to advance this soft power goal. The list is long.
[Softpower] [China India]
Samsung Loses Top Spot in Indian Smartphone Market
By Park Keon-hyung
January 31, 2018 12:49
Samsung has ceded the top spot in India's burgeoning smartphone market to China's Xiaomi.
Samsung ruled supreme in India's smartphone market, scaled at more than 100 million phones a year, since 2011. But Chinese rivals aggressively expanded their presence in India, Southeast Asia and Europe and are now posing a direct threat.
Even as Samsung was battling it out with Apple in the premium market, Chinese rivals expanded their share of the affordable market, trapping Samsung awkwardly somewhere in between.
[China competition] [Smartphone]
Cutting Off Pakistan, U.S. Takes Gamble in Complex Afghan War
By Mujib Mashal and Salman Masood
Jan. 5, 2018
Afghan officials have pleaded with three American presidents to reconsider their support for Pakistan, which was both receiving billions of dollars in American aid and harboring the leaders of a Taliban insurgency that the United States has struggled to defeat.
But when President Trump suspended nearly all American security aid to Pakistan on Thursday for what he called the country?s ?lies and deceit,? any jubilation in the halls of power in Afghanistan ? and there was some ? was leavened with worry over how the move might affect a complex war that has pushed the Afghan government to the brink.
If there is one consensus among Afghan leaders and their American counterparts, it is that dealing with Pakistan is both vital and difficult.
[US Middle East Strategy] [Afghanistan] [Pakistan]
Piling on pressure over safe havens, U.S. suspends military aid to Pakistan
Supporters of Pakistani religious groups rally in Karachi on Jan. 2 to condemn President Trump?s comments about Pakistan. (Fareed Khan/AP)
By Missy Ryan, Annie Gowen and Carol Morello January 4 at 7:42 PM
The United States will suspend most of its security assistance to Pakistan, the State Department said Thursday, signaling the Trump administration?s intent to force the country to eliminate militant safe havens.
The announcement came just days after President Trump lashed out in his first tweet of the new year, saying Pakistan had repaid years of generous U.S. aid with ?nothing but lies & deceit,? a claim that Pakistani leaders labeled ?completely incomprehensible.?
Unveiling the new measure in a news briefing, State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said the suspension would remain in effect until Pakistan takes ?decisive action? against the Taliban and Haqqani network, militant groups blamed for stoking violence in Afghanistan and prolonging a conflict that has become America?s longest war.
?No partnership can survive a country?s harboring of militants and terrorists who target U.S. service members and officials,? Nauert said.
Officials acknowledged that the suspension, which follows a previous decision to freeze $255 million in military aid, will have a mostly symbolic effect in the near term. But it is certain to accelerate a downward trajectory in a fragile anti-terror allegiance forged after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
[Pakistan] [Alliance] [Incompetence] [Counter-productive]
?No more!? Trump tweets to Pakistan, accusing it of ?lies & deceit?
Pakistan?s foreign minister, Khawaja Muhammad Asif (shown here at a Dec. 26 metting in Beijing) promised to give a full accounting of how U.S. aid has been spent. (Pilipey/European Pressphoto Agency-EFE/Rex/Shutterstock)
By Shaiq Hussain and Annie Gowen January 1 at 4:19 PM
ISLAMABAD ? Pakistan?s defense minister responded angrily Monday to an early-morning tweet by President Trump that accused America?s once-close ally of ?lies & deceit,? countering that the United States had given Pakistan ?invective & mistrust? in return.
In his first tweet of the new year, Trump had said the United States had ?foolishly? given Pakistan $33 billion in aid over the last 15 years, ?and they have given us nothing but lies & ?deceit, thinking of our leaders as fools.?
Trump wrote further: ?They give safe haven to the terrorists we hunt in Afghanistan, with little help. No more!?
Defense Minister Khurram Dastgir-Khan hit back on ?Twitter, writing that Pakistan, as an ?anti-terror ally? of the United States, had given Washington land and air communication, military bases and intelligence cooperation that ?decimated Al-Qaeda over last 16yrs? while America ?has given us nothing but invective& mistrust.?
[Trump] [Pakistan] [Incompetence]